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Memenuhi Keperluan Pelajar di Universiti Awam Malaysia: Aspek

Pendapatan dan Perbelanjaan

 

Siti Alida John Abdullah*

Kolej Undang-Undang, Kerajaan dan Pengajian Antarabangsa, Universiti Utara Malaysia

Fatimah Wati Bt Ibrahim

Kolej Sastera dan Sains, Universiti Utara Malaysia

 

*Corresponding author; email: alida@uum.edu.my

 

ABSTRAK

Melanjutkan pendidikan ke institusi pengajian tinggi pada masa ini merupakan satu tuntutan politik, ekonomi, sosial dan peribadi. Terdapat pelbagai faedah yang dikaitkan dengan pelaburan bagi tujuan ini sama ada oleh individu pelajar, keluarga mahupun masyarakat. Namun begitu, senario pendidikan tinggi pada masa ini memerlukan bukan sahaja kerajaan membuat pelaburan langsung tetapi juga pelajar dan keluarga mereka perlu membuat sumbangan terus terhadap kos pendidikan tinggi. Oleh yang demikian, adalah penting untuk semua pihak meneliti punca-punca pembiayaan yang dapat menampung keperluan pelajar semasa berada di institusi pengajian tinggi. Punca-punca pembiayaan ini boleh datang daripada sumber-sumber seperi biasiswa, subsidi atau pemberian, pinjaman daripada pelbagai sumber, sumbangan ibu bapa dan keluarga, pendapatan yang didapati oleh pelajar sendiri melalui kerja-kerja sepenuh masa atau separuh masa dalam tempoh pengajian, dan juga tabungan pelajar. Seterusnya, terdapat pelbagai kos yang dikaitkan dengan pendidikan tinggi. Selain kos-kos tidak langsung seperti kehilangan pendapatan semasa belajar, kos-kos langsung yang biasa ditanggung oleh pelajar termasuklah kos pengajian dan kos sara hidup. Dapatan kajian di tiga buah institusi pengajian tinggi awam menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan di kalangan kumpulan pelajar bukan sahaja dari segi jumlah perbelanjaan tetapi juga keutamaan bagi beberapa kategori perbelanjaan tertentu.

Katakunci: institusi pengajian tinggi, kos pendidikan, pelaburan langsung, punca pembiayaan

 

Meeting the Needs of Students of Public Universities in Malaysia: Income and

Expenditure Aspects

 

ABSTRACT

Persuing education at institutions of higher education today constitutes an economic, social and personal requirement. There are various advantages associated with investment for this purpose either by the invidual student, family, or the society. However, the current higher education scenario requires not only the direct contributions from the government but students and their families too should also make direct contribution to the cost of higher education. Therefore, it is important for all parties to conscientiously review the sources of funding that can cover students’ requirements while they were at the institutions of higher education. Funding may come from various sources such as scholarships, subsidy or grants, loans from various sources, contributions from parents and families, income earned by the students who engaged in full-time or part-time jobs during their course of study, and also from students’ savings. In addition, there are various costs associated with higher education. Other than indirect costs such as the loss of students’ income during their study period, other direct costs normally borned by the students include tuition fees and living costs. Study findings from three public institutions of higher education showed differences among student groups not only in terms of the total expenditure but also from the priorities given to various categories of expenditure.

Keywords: institutions of higher education, education cost, direct investment, source of funding