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Administrative Reform in Local Government System in Malaysia**

 

Ahmad Atory Hussain*

Malike Brahim

Faculty of Public Management and Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia

 

*Corresponding author; email: ahmadatoryhussain@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT

Examining Malaysia’s administrative reforms program initiated by Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, Prime Minister of Malaysia, during 1981 to 2003 – the decade of modernization and faster economic growth – the authors analyze various programmes and reform policies introduced in the public administration system in Malaysia. Reforms that were carried out not only involved the federal government but also included the local government. This article identifies the administrative reform efforts that were introduced at the local government. Research was carried out from 2001 to 2002, to gauge the opinion of the senior officers who are currently serving in various units in the local governments in eight states, namely Perlis, Penang, Kedah, Kelantan, Sabah, Sarawak, Pahang and Terengganu. The eight states were chosen based on the assumptions that there is still some reform efforts implemented that have not met the targets yet. The result of the research shows that not all reform efforts introduced and adopted   in those states are effective and successful. This means that the local government must be ready to carry out reforms and changes and to modernize their administrative system in order to compete with other local government in other advanced and developing countries.

Keywords: federal government, administrative effort, autonomy, compete, decentralization

 

Reformasi Pentadbiran dalam Sistem Kerajaan Tempatan di Malaysia

 

ABSTRAK

Dalam usaha untuk menilai program reformasi pentadbiran yang telah diperkenalkan oleh Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, Perdana Menteri Malaysia, dalam tempoh 1981-2003 – dekad pemodenan dan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang pesat – penulis cuba menganalisis pelbagai program dan polisi reformasi yang telah diperkenalkan di dalam pentadbiran di Malaysia. Reformasi sistem pentadbiran yang dijalankan bukan sahaja melibatkan kerajaan persekutuan tetapi juga meliputi kerajaan tempatan. Artikel ini cuba mengenal pasti usaha-usaha ke arah reformasi pentadbiran yang telah diperkenalkan di kerajaan tempatan. Penyelidikan ini telah dijalankan dalam tempoh 2001-2003, bertujuan untuk mendapat pandangan pegawai-pegawai senior yang masih berkhidmat di pelbagai unit kerajaan tempatan di lapan buah negeri iaitu, Perlis, Penang, Kedah, Kelantan, Sabah, Sarawak, Pahang dan Terengganu. Kelapan-lapan negeri tersebut dipilih dengan andaian bahawa masih terdapat usaha-usaha reformasi yang dijalankan tetapi masih belum mencapai sasarannya. Dapatan dari kajian menunjukkan bahawa tidak semua usaha-usaha reformasi yang telah diperkenalkan serta diterima pakai di negeri-negeri berkenaan didapati berkesan dan berjaya. Ini bermaksud bahawa kerajaan tempatan perlu bersiap sedia untuk menjalankan reformasi dan perubahan serta memodenkan sistem pentadbiran masing-masing supaya mereka dapat bersaing dengan lain-lain kerajaan tempatan di negara-negara yang lebih maju dan negara-negara sedang membangun.

Katakunci: kerajaan persekutuan, usaha pentadbiran, autonomi, bersaing, desentralisasi