JGD's Logo

logojgd.png

JGD's Printing Cover

JGD Cover Printing.png

Saiz Sektor Awam di Malaysia semenjak Dasar Ekonomi Baru

 

Siti Alida John Abdullah*

Halimah @ Nasibah Ahmad

Fakulti Pengurusan Awam dan Undang-Undang, Universiti Utara Malaysia

 

*Corresponding author; email: alida@uum.edu.my

 

ABSTRAK

Semenjak pelaksanaan Dasar Ekonomi Baru pada tahun 1971, kerajaan Malaysia telah menjadi peserta yang aktif dalam ekonomi negara ini. Artikel ini akan membincangkan peningkatan saiz sektor awam di Malaysia semenjak tahun 1970 sehingga 2000 dengan menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif. Angkubah-angkubah yang digunakan ialah perbelanjaan, hasil dan guna tenaga sektor awam. Melalui angkubah perbelanjaan, perbandingan saiz sektor awam antara Malaysia dan beberapa negara maju dan ASEAN dapat dilakukan. Dari sini, masyarakat dapat menilai sama ada saiz sektor awam di Malaysia terlalu kecil atau terlalu besar dan menentukan saiz yang optimum dengan mengambil kira perbagai ciri dan kehendak masyarakat pada masa kini. Adalah didapati bahawa walaupun kerajaan menggalakkan liberalisasi aktiviti-aktiviti ekonomi, pendekatan Keynesian masih diterima dan dilaksanakan di negara ini.

Katakunci: Dasar Ekonomi Baru, liberalisasi, saiz optimum, pendekatan Keynesian

 

Public Sector Size in Malaysia since the New Economic Policy

 

ABSTRACT

Since the implementation of the New Economic Policy in 1971, the Malaysian government has become an active player in the economy. This article will discuss the increase in the size of the public sector in Malaysia from 1970 until 2000 using a descriptive approach. The variables discussed are expenditure, revenue and employment in the public sector. Through these variables, comparison of the size of the public sector can be made between Malaysia and that of several developed and ASEAN countries. This will enable the society to judge whether the size of the Malaysian public sector is too small or too large and to determine the optimum size by considering various characteristics and current needs of the society. Despite the government’s encouragement on liberalization of the economic activities, it was noted that the Keynesian approach continued to be accepted and implemented in this country.

Keywords: New Economic Policy, liberalization, optimum size, Keynesian approach